Dedollarisation refers to the process of reducing or eliminating the use of the US dollar in a country’s economy. This typically involves shifting towards the use of the local currency for domestic transactions and reducing the reliance on the US dollar for international trade.

There are several reasons why a country may choose to dedollarise its economy. One reason is to reduce its vulnerability to external shocks, such as changes in the value of the US dollar or fluctuations in global financial markets. By reducing its reliance on the US dollar, a country can insulate its economy from these shocks and potentially reduce its exposure to financial crises.

Another reason for dedollarisation is to assert greater control over the country’s monetary policy. When a country relies heavily on the US dollar, its central bank may be constrained in its ability to set interest rates or implement other monetary policies that are necessary to achieve its economic objectives.

Dedollarisation can be a challenging process, particularly for countries that have long relied on the US dollar as a means of conducting international trade. It often requires significant reforms to the country’s financial system and can be accompanied by short-term economic disruptions. However, if successful, dedollarisation can lead to greater economic stability and more sustainable long-term growth.